Immigration Law- effects on the US economy and how immigration enforcements policies affects families.
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Immigration Law- effects on the US economy and how immigration enforcements policies affects families.


Immigration law in general refers to the rules established by the government for determining who is allowed to enter the country and for how long.  It mainly refers to all the national government policies related to immigration, stay and deportation of people. It also plays a vital role in naturalization process by which foreigners may become citizens of the country to which they are immigrating to. US immigration law is very complex and is very difficult to understand for a layman. Immigration in United States is mainly based on these broad situations: reunification of families, immigrants with skills that are valuable to the economy of the country, refugees protected as per law and immigrants for diversity encouragement.

The economy of a country is mostly affected by one of these immigrations i.e. immigrant labour. Similarly the immigrant labour, both legal and illegal, plays a very important role in the economy of Unites States too.   The immigrant labour not only works and provides services to the country but also helps economy as they contribute most part of their earnings in food, clothing and other facilities helping in generating revenue. There is considerable decrease in number of US citizens labour and thus the number of immigrant skilled workers is increasing tremendously effecting the growth of the country positively. It is a demand and supply logic which works here. The country needs skilled people to work and as the local residents are not available, immigrants play an important role here. Moreover as the immigrants live in the country they also spend and thus increasing the cash flow and helping the economy of the country.

All the workers are not the same in terms of educational qualifications. Mostly two kinds of immigrants migrate to rich countries.  As per research the two groups of people migrating to United States is one with high education, skill sets, mainly scientists or engineers and the other is young workers with little education but involved in manual occupations. There is major demand of the second kind of labour too and these include large part of immigrants without proper documentation. This second group of people tend to be involved in manual jobs such as farm labours, construction workers, housekeepers, caregivers for children and old, drivers etc.

The immigrant workers are also ready to move in order to find jobs easily and so help in maintaining a stable economy. As the lower educated labour is available to help for household works, the highly talented native workers can increase their work timings on an average. This thus increases the productivity potential and overall production in different fields and companies all together.

On the other hand, the highly educated immigrants are a huge asset for the United States economy. The technologically advanced country like United States attracts many talented professional as it has advanced technologies to help them advance and also contribute to the economic success. The growth per capita income in US has increased a lot in years as per research.

There are many reforms in immigration laws which are made and also changed as per need to help immigrant workers to work with more ease and also encourage more people to try and apply for jobs in United States. There are several legal admissions available for people who are refugees and who are seeking protection. Other than that many other people enter the United States without proper documents due to lack of official papers available. These people are unauthorized to live in US and are called illegal immigrant.

These illegal immigrants are people who have a fear of deportation always. The United States has tried and implement new reforms still has failed to pass more broad immigration reforms and has taken a strong stand on immigration enforcement targeting the non permitted immigrants.

Thus the number of immigrants removed or deported has steadily risen. These deportations have a large effect on families, forcing the children into foster care and creating large number of single mothers struggling to raise their children and families. The children of such families live in constant fear of separation from families. These deportations apart from affecting families also affect communities as well.

There are many policy recommendations suggested and are into consideration. Hopefully more reforms will be implemented for immigrants to live comfortably and legally.